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Datei:Type 38 Rifle.jpg
The Type 38 was a bolt-action rifle that was used by Japan during World War II. The weapon could fire the 6.5x50mm Arisaka Cartridge at a rate of up to thirty rounds per minute. Furthermore, the type had a muzzle velocity of 762 meters per second and utilized a five round magazine. The total length of the rifle was around 128 centimetres, an astoundingly large length for a rifle of the time. The total weight of the weapon meanwhile was about 3.95 kilograms.[1]

To be used with the weapon, the Type 30 Bayonet only further extended the Type 38, turning it into a very effective sword-like weapon to be used quite effectively in close quarters combat. Although the Type 38 was extremely reliable and well liked for its ability to be used in a variety of conditions, its 6.5mm round simply did not contain enough energy to knock down enemies quickly enough. Thus, the weapon was modified later on to correct these problems.[2]

VariantsBearbeiten

Considering that the Type 38 was the main weapon of the IJA just before the war, it was only natural that it have a multitude of variants produced to either suit different roles or correct upon earlier mistakes. The first variant to be produced of the Type 38, the Type 38 carbine was also introduced into army service at approximately the same time as the original. It featured a shortened total length of 96.6 centimeters which was supposed to be far more ideal to handle for the average soldier. Also produced was an airborne modification with folding stock and the sniper version, the Type 97 Sniper Rifle. Finally, the much improved Arisaka Type 99 was introduced which had the main distinction of having the much heavier 7.7mm cartridge.

HistoryBearbeiten

The Type 38 Rifle was initially developed in the early 1900s as a new rifle to fit all servicemen of the IJA with as a standard weapon. Thus in 1905, the weapon was introduced and immediately issued en masse. It served well with the Japanese, fighting most notably in China where most of its combat experience was gained, however it also saw used in the Japanese and Soviet border clashes prior to the start of the war and finally during the war itself. However, by the time the Japanese had entered the war, the Type 38 was already leaving stocks and being replaced by its successor, the Type 99. Still, some models remained in service until the end of the war. In total, around 3,400,000 examples had been produced. 

ReferencesBearbeiten

  1. http://www.militaryfactory.com/smallarms/detail.asp?smallarms_id=249
  2. http://world.guns.ru/rifle/repeating-rifle/jap/arisaka-3-and-99-e.html
Vorlage:Japanese Infantry Weapons

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