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The M1917 Enfield Rifle is an American bolt-action rifle that saw use in wars such as World War I, World War II, the Korean War, and Vietnam War.

Description

The M1917 Enfield was fundamentally a modified British P14 Rifle and it took the .30-06 Cartridge. The Enfield had a 6-round magazine and could have an M1917 bayonet added.

Iron Sights could be found at the front of the barrel and on top of the trigger.[1] The weight of the Enfield was 8.9 pounds and the length was about 3' 10". It had a muzzle velocity of around 2,700 fps and a range of about 1,640 feet. Much of the exterior part of the Enfield is made out of wood, but there are some metal parts visible. There are no M1917 Enfield variants besides the ones that are refitted for a new cartridge.

HistoryBearbeiten

During World War I, the British began development of a rifle that could compare with the Mauser Gewehr 98 rifle. This development was later halted and the P14 Rifle was created instead. Since the P14 was already being created in US, it was modified and designated the M1917 Enfield. It was designed in 1917 and it saw use as a normal rifle and as a sniper rifle. This new rifle did not have extensive use in World War II and some were sent to Great Britain via Lend-Lease.

However, the Enfield was also used in campaigns in North Africa during World War II. The M1917 Enfield and P14 Rifle were so identical that in order to tell them apart, British soldiers put a red strip on their M1917s.

Artillerymen were also issued M1917s as well. One notable case of the M1917s use is when Sergeant Alvin York won the Medal Of Honor using an Enfield.[2] Although it never became the standard U.S Rifle like the Springfield did, it was used in a number of campaigns during the Second World War. Somewhere around 2,200,000 M1917 Enfields were produced.

ReferencesBearbeiten

  1. http://www.militaryfactory.com/smallarms/detail.asp?smallarms_id=131
  2. http://www.olive-drab.com/od_other_firearms_rifle_m1917enfield.php3

Vorlage:US Infantry Weapons

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