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Luger P08
278px
A P08 Luger

Users

Germany

Entry into Service

1933 (Wehrmacht)

Cartridge

9x19mm Parabellum, .45 ACP

Magazine Capacity

8 rounds

Effective Range

50 m

The Luger P08 is a semi-automatic pistol that was used by Germany in both world wars.

Description

It traditionally fired the 9×19mm Parabellum Cartridge and had an eight round magazine. However, some Lugers could fire the .45 ACP Cartridge or the 7.65mm Luger Cartridge. The Luger usually featured a standard eight round magazine, but the Luger could also be outfitted with a 'snail magazine', which was a round drum containing 32 rounds. Its total length was around 23 cm while its total weight lie somewhere around 0.8 kg.[1]

Range was 50 meters, muzzle velocity was 114 meters a second, and the iron sights were mounted in a frontal post, rear two notches design. Reliability of the Luger was fair although the gun was designed with ergonomics in mind. It often had to be carried in a special holster to prevent dust from jamming the weapon often leading the Walther P38 to be a preferred choice in the field.[2] Still, the Luger P08 was a good design even if its asking price was quite high for the German military.

VariantsBearbeiten

The Luger was initially released as the Luger 1900, but later improved in 1908 as the Luger Pistole '08 (or P08). A long-barreled variant was also produced, named the Luger 'Long 08' or Artillery Model. These variants were used by German Navy personnel.

HistoryBearbeiten

The Luger P08 was first produced in 1900 and was quickly adopted by German forces. As such, its first combat experience came in the form of World War I as a common sidearm. While popular, its main drawbacks such as limited reliability showed in the mud and blood of the trenches. Following the First World War, the Luger was once again adopted by German forces for the Second World War. Here it was more popular with officers as a specialty weapon, this also led to it being considered a treasue among soldiers looting the dead bodies of German soldiers, though by late 1944 any Allied soldier captured having a Luger in his possession was most likely executed if found by German troops. Nonetheless, they were still kept in the hundreds as trophies.  The Luger P08 ceased production in 1945 and by this time, thousands had been made.

ReferencesBearbeiten

  1. http://www.militaryfactory.com/smallarms/detail.asp?smallarms_id=56
  2. http://world.guns.ru/handguns/hg/de/luger-parabellum-e.html

Vorlage:German Infantry Weapons

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