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Datei:Granatwerfer 34.jpg

The Granatwerfer 34 or GrW 34 was an infantry mortar used by Germany during World War II.

Description

It was the standard system used by Germany and it had an eighty-one millimetre calibre. It had a rate of fire of about fourteen rounds per minute and it had a maximum range of about 2,200 metres.[1]

The weight of the Granatwerfer 34 was about sixty-two kilograms and the length was 114 centimetres. The Granatwerfer 34 had to have a crew of three to operate and it could be set up in about five minutes. The muzzle velocity was 174 metres per second and there were only three main parts to the Granatwerfer 34.

Those three parts were the bipod, the tube, and the base. The ammunition for the Granatwerfer 34 were fairly pear-shaped and they, like all mortars were dropped into the barrel hitting the firing pin and being launched out of the barrel.[2] The Granatwerfer 34 could fire either HE rounds (High Explosive), smoke rounds, or flare-like rounds that light up a dark environment. There was also a special fragmentation round called the Wurfgranate 39, but it was not commonly used.

VariantsBearbeiten

There were only two variants of the Granatwerfer 34 and they were the Granatwerfer 34/1 which was specially modified for usage on the SdKfz 250/7 and other special
Datei:Granatwerfer 34-2.jpg
half-tracks plus the Kurzer Granatwerfer 42 which was a lighter version of the Granatwerfer 34. It weighed twenty-six kilograms and it was 74.7 centimetres long.

It was designed to be used by paratroopers and fundamentally it was small version of the Granatwerfer 34. It was also nicknamed the Stummelwerfer and it began service in 1942.

HistoryBearbeiten

The Granatwerfer 34 was first designed by Rheinmetall-Borsig in 1934. It along with its variants were produced throughout World War II and in many different places. The Granatwerfer 34 earned a very good reputation and the fact that it could be carried in three parts was very good in terms of mobility.

The Granatwerfer 34 and the crew have gotten large amounts of respect, especially the crew.[3] The only other main user of the Granatwerfer 34 was Bulgaria, an ally of Germany throughout the majority of the Second World War.

ReferencesBearbeiten

  1. http://historywarsweapons.com/granatwerfer-34-german-81mm-mortar/
  2. http://www.militaryfactory.com/smallarms/detail.asp?smallarms_id=301
  3. http://www.efour4ever.com/mortars_german.htm
Vorlage:German Infantry Weapons

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