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Flammenwerfer 41
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A German soldier using a Flammenwerfer 35

Users

Germany

Entry into Service

1941

Fuel Capacity

7.5 liters

Effective Range

30 m

The Flammenwerfer 35 was a one man flamethrower that was used by Germany during World War II.

Description

It could throw fuel up to thirty metres away from the user. It had a number of different manufacturers and was eventually disguised as a normal infantryman's rifle so it wouldn't become a target and get singled out by snipers. It was used to clear out trenches and buildings. It held about 11.8 litres of oil mixed with tar and it was lit by a Hydrogen torch.

It was fairly heavy weighing in at 78.8 pounds (35.8 kg) and it could keep on firing fuel for about ten seconds. It was replaced in 1941 by the Flammenwerfer 41.

VariantsBearbeiten

The Flammenwerfer 40 or "Lifebuoy" was the flamethrower created after the Flammenwerfer 35. However, it was produced in extremely low numbers and it could fire up to about thirty metres, the same as the Flammenwerfer 35. It weighed about 21.3 kilograms and it could carry around 5.6 litres of fuel.[1] The Flammenwerfer 41 meanwhile was the main successor of the Flammenwerfer 35 and it could carry around 7.5 litres of fuel. The Flammenwerfer 41 was used and produced beginning in 1941. The Flammenwerfer 42 is the final variant of the Flammenwerfer series and it had a slight modification in the fuel hose to improve performance. As the name would suggest, the Flammenwerfer 42 was introduced in 1942.

HistoryBearbeiten

The Flammenwerfer's design is based on a previous 1918 German flamethrower used to clear trenches. The Flammenwerfer 35 and all of its variants were used by German forces throughout World War II to clear pillboxes and other fortifications in much a similar role to its predecessor. Many of these flamethrowers were used on the Eastern Front during Operation Barbarossa and other operations. Here, they proved to be quite effective in clearing out enemy troops quickly and effectively, paving the way for advancing infantry and armor.

ReferencesBearbeiten

  1. http://www.scribd.com/doc/43956747/Portable-Flame-Thrower

Vorlage:German Infantry Weapons

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