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Datei:Browning1919-1-.jpg
The Browning M1919 is a fully automatic, recoil-operated, air-cooled machine gun that was used by the United States during World War II.

Description

It was derived from the earlier Browning M1917 which was water cooled. The Browning M1919 had the 30-06 Springfield cartridge and it had a rate of fire of around 400 rounds per minute.[1] It had either a 125 or 250 round belt that was fed into the left side of the gun and without the tripod or ammunition, the M1919 weighed about fourteen kilograms. The length of the M1919 was about 103.8 centimetres, while the effective range while mounted was about 1,371.6 metres to 1,005.8 metres.[2] The first Browning M1919 was intended to provide the same kind of firepower that the M1917 could produce, but in a more portable weapon.

Datei:NamurIslandBrowning M1919.jpg

VariantsBearbeiten

The M1919A1 was the first variant of the M1919 series and it was fundamentally a modified version of the M1919 for use on tanks. It made its debut in 1936 and among the changes made there was a modified receiver.[3] During the early 1940s, the US was looking for a new MG and Browning came up with the prototype M1919A3. However this model was not put into production as its development led to the M1919A4 which was the most common variant of the Browning M1919.

The Browning M1919A4 was designed to be used for a great number of purposes, from aircraft to tanks to infantry. Its distinctive feature is its holed barrel that allows air to cool the system. The M1919A4 was also capable of being mounted on a tripod where it was well suited to fight against enemy infantry units. The M1919A5 was a modification of the M1919 that was specifically designed for the purpose of being mounted on tanks. The M1919A6 could be fitted with a bipod, it had a shoulder stock and a handle.


History Bearbeiten

The Browning M1919 was used in basically every theater of WWII and was even used up to the start of the Vietnam War. Some of the theaters it operated in included the Western Front and the Pacific Theater. The M1919A4 was used especially on US vehicles including the M3 Stuart. Just because it was used often on vehicles doesn't mean it wasn't used by infantry often. Infantry in the European Theater and the Pacific Theater used it for support when under fire. Sometimes, it could even be used as a deployable machine gun with only one operator who fires and loads the machine gun.

ReferencesBearbeiten

  1. http://www.militaryfactory.com/smallarms/detail.asp?smallarms_id=59
  2. http://olive-drab.com/od_other_firearms_mg_m1919.php
  3. http://world.guns.ru/machine/usa/browning-m1917-m1919-e.html

Vorlage:US Infantry Weapons

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